凯时k66登录 - 首页拥有全球最顶尖的原生APP,每天为您提供千场精彩体育赛事,凯时k66登录 - 首页更有真人、彩票、电子老虎机、真人电子竞技游戏等多种娱乐方式选择,凯时k66登录 - 首页让您尽享娱乐、赛事投注等,且无后顾之忧!

<cite id="dl3bn"></cite>
<cite id="dl3bn"></cite><ins id="dl3bn"><span id="dl3bn"><var id="dl3bn"></var></span></ins>
<cite id="dl3bn"><video id="dl3bn"></video></cite> <cite id="dl3bn"></cite><var id="dl3bn"><strike id="dl3bn"><thead id="dl3bn"></thead></strike></var><var id="dl3bn"></var>
<cite id="dl3bn"><span id="dl3bn"><menuitem id="dl3bn"></menuitem></span></cite>
<cite id="dl3bn"><span id="dl3bn"></span></cite>
<var id="dl3bn"></var>
<cite id="dl3bn"><span id="dl3bn"></span></cite>
<del id="dl3bn"><noframes id="dl3bn"><var id="dl3bn"></var>
<cite id="dl3bn"></cite>
<cite id="dl3bn"></cite>
<var id="dl3bn"><span id="dl3bn"><menuitem id="dl3bn"></menuitem></span></var>
<cite id="dl3bn"></cite>
当前位置: 首页 ? 知识 ? 外贸知识 ? 正文


A Sketch of Barter

放大字体??缩小字体 ??浏览次数:32171
核心提示:易货贸易是指在换货的基础上,把等值的出口货物和进口货物直接结合起来的贸易方式。 传统的易货贸易,一般是买卖双方各以等值的货物进行交换,不涉及货币的支付,也没有第三者介入,易货双方签订一份包括相互交换抵偿货物的合同,把有关事项加以确定

易货贸易是指在换货的基础上,把等值的出口货物和进口货物直接结合起来的贸易方式。 传统的易货贸易,一般是买卖双方各以等值的货物进行交换,不涉及货币的支付,也没有第三者介入,易货双方签订一份包括相互交换抵偿货物的合同,把有关事项加以确定。在国际贸易中,使用较多的是通过对开信用证的方式进行易货,即由交易双方先订易货合同,规定各自的出口商品均按约定价格以信用证方式付款。根据协定规定,任何一方的进口或出口,由双方政府的指定银行将货值记帐,在一定时期内互相抵冲结算,其差额毛有的规定结转下一年度。

2. 小范围的内部调剂:由专门的易货公司统一发展内部会员,统一结算、收费标准,内部自由调剂,各取所需;
5. 民间组织协调:由全球较大的专业易货公司签定合作协议,相互交流所属会员信息,实现资源共享,互利互惠。


Barter is a system of exchange by which goods or services are directly exchanged for other goods or services without using a medium of exchange, such as money. It is distinguishable from gift economies in many ways; one of them is that the reciprocal exchange is immediate and not delayed in time. It is usually bilateral, but may be multilateral (i.e., mediated through barter organizations) and usually exists parallel to monetary systems in most developed countries, though to a very limited extent. Barter usually replaces money as the method of exchange in times of monetary crisis, such as when the currency may be either unstable (e.g., hyperinflation or deflationary spiral) or simply unavailable for conducting commerce.

The inefficiency of barter in archaic society has been used by economists since Adam Smith to explain the emergence of money, the economy, and hence the discipline of economics itself. However, no present or past society has ever been seen through ethnographic studies to use pure barter without any medium of exchange, nor the emergence of money from barter.

Since the 1830s, direct barter in western market economies has been aided by exchanges which frequently utilize alternative currencies based on the labour theory of value, and designed to prevent profit taking by intermediators. Examples include the Owenite socialists, the Cincinnati Time store, and more recently Ithaca HOURS (Time banking) and the LETS system.

Barter's limits are usually explained in terms of its inefficiencies in easing exchange in comparison to the functions of money:

Need for presence of double coincidence of wants
For barter to occur between two people, both would need to have what the other wants.
Absence of common measure of value
In a monetary economy, money plays the role of a measure of value of all goods, so their values can be measured against each other; this role may be absent in a barter economy.
Indivisibility of certain goods
If a person wants to buy a certain amount of another's goods, but only has for payment one indivisible unit of another good which is worth more than what the person wants to obtain, a barter transaction cannot occur.
Lack of standards for deferred payments
This is related to the absence of a common measure of value, although if the debt is denominated in units of the good that will eventually be used in payment, it is not a problem.
Difficulty in storing wealth
If a society relies exclusively on perishable goods, storing wealth for the future may be impractical. However, some barter economies rely on durable goods like pigs or cattle for this purpose.
Direct barter doesn't require payment in money (when money is in short supply) hence will be utilized when there is little information about the credit worthiness of trade partners or there is a lack of trust.
The poor cannot afford to store their small supply of wealth in money, especially in situations wher money devalues quickly (hyperinflation).


如果您认为此信息侵犯了您的合法权益,请您将相关资质证明和您的权利要求发送至 info@chinainout.com , 中国进出口网工作人员会尽快回复处理!本网转载目的在于传递更多信息,并不代表本网赞同其观点和对其真实性负责。如转载本站资讯,请注明出处。

[ 知识搜索 ]? [ 加入收藏 ]? [ 告诉好友 ]? [ 打印本文 ]? [ 违规举报 ]? [ 关闭窗口 ]


网站首页 | 免责声明 | 付款方式 | 关于我们 | 联系方式 | 使用协议 | 版权隐私 | 网站地图 | 排名推广 | 网站留言 | RSS订阅 | 豫B2-20030028-28
HomeSite | Payment | About Us | Contact | Agreement | Copyright | Sitemap | Spread | Guestbook | RSS Feed
凯时k66登录 - 首页 三都| 彭山县| 章丘市| 河源市| 六枝特区| 京山县| 墨脱县| 台安县| 定远县| 郑州市| 宜宾市| 赤峰市| 杭锦旗| 乐亭县| 玉山县| 浏阳市| 扎鲁特旗| 开原市| 凌云县| 化州市| 鹤峰县| 桂东县| 罗江县| 日照市| 玉田县| 大连市| 海兴县| 茌平县| 竹山县| 温州市| 惠水县| 洛川县| 波密县| 石河子市| 昭苏县| 樟树市| 上虞市| 河南省| 读书| 义乌市| 丰顺县|